Dive into the world of various types of sutures and learn about different materials or characteristics to make informed choices in surgical procedures. Sutures are sterile, surgical strands or threads used to sew or approximate damaged body tissues together after an injury or to repair cuts (lacerations). Sutures when used to tie blood vessels to arrest bleeding are referred to as “Ligatures”. Sutures also are used to close incisions from surgery.
The application generally involves using a needle with an attached length of a particular thread. A number of type suture materials namely Absorbable and Nonabsorbable sutures and various kinds of needles have been developed over its millennia of history. Surgical knots are applied to secure the suture in position till complete healing happens. The Needled or Non-Needled sutures used for suturing are pre-sterilized and packed in sealed packages under hygiene conditions. It ensures that sutures are not contaminated and are safe to use directly during the time of suturing without subjecting them to further sterilization and can be disposed of after their use.
There are different types of sutures and materials but Absorbable sutures are the first and main. It composed of mono or copolymers obtained by a process called polymerization and these polymerized threads are attached with a needle which is made up of 302 or 420 series stainless steel wire, Sutured threads are absorbed by the body over some time due to hydrolysis.
This type of suture thread can therefore also be used for interventions on hard-to-reach regions of the body or organs so that it avoids another surgery to remove the suture.
Based on the period of absorption various absorbable sutures can be selected. If slow absorption time is required, Monofilament Suture is an excellent choice. The monofilament suture material has particularly smooth tissue penetration with good knot strength and gliding properties.
These sutures are slow commonly used for wounds having low healing rates, this has also been used in urology or for abdominal wall closure.
If the absorption rate required is medial or minimal for the patient, we offer UNISYNTH or UNIGLYDE Braided and coated Polyglactin 910 suture and Braided and coated Polyglycolic acid suture. These sutures will give excellent knot security and provides the best support to the wound.
These sutures will be completely absorbed in the body within 70 to 90 days by the process called hydrolysis. For particularly fast absorption, Universal Sutures offer the UNIGLYDE FAST SUTURES. The Fast absorbable braided and coated polyglycolic acid-sutures is fully absorbed in the body within 40 to 42 days after sutures are approximated, making it ideal for use in fast-healing wounds.
The second types of sutures are non-absorbable surgical suture that consists of natural or synthetic threads in combination with Stainless steel needles to form an ideal nonabsorbable suture. Under this non Absorbable suture category, we offer both Monofilament sutures like Polypropylene, Nylon, Steel sutures, and Multifilament sutures like Polyester, silk sutures, and Polyethylene sutures.
Universal Sutures provides various non-absorbable suture materials, such as Polyester, Polyamide, Polypropylene, Silk sutures, and Polyethylene Sutures. This thread and needle combination is made of woven multifilament and therefore has good flexibility and high tensile strength, which has been used well in orthopedics for skin or tendon stitching.
Stainless steel sutures are generally used in orthopedic and sternum closure procedures. Nylon and Polypropylene are monofilament sutures and so claimed to be devoid of interstices while Silk and Polyester sutures, being braided ensure better knot holding capacity.
Polypropylene Mesh are also medical devices used to provide support to weakened tissues during the course of surgery. These are having the main application during Hernia repair for providing mechanical support for tissue after surgery. Meshes manufactured by Universal Sutures are of high quality and have been pioneers in the manufacture of sterile surgical meshes.
Our main focus is on developing new types of knitted fabric to meet the interest, demands, and trend factors in the biomedical field, keeping in touch with present medical field requirements day to day up-gradation is been done on the basis of requirement. We provide meshes in various combinations such as pre-shaped mesh, flower mesh, and T- Sling mesh.
Polypropylene mesh is a nonabsorbable mesh, constructed of knitted filaments of extruded Polypropylene, a synthetic linear Poly-olefin (C3H6)n. Meshes are generally undyed in a variety of square and rectangular sizes suitable for various surgical procedures.
Mesh is knitted by a process that interlinks each fiber junction and provides elasticity in both directions. This construction permits the mesh to be cut into any desired shape or size without unraveling.
This bi-directional and extendable nature properly allows adaptation to various stresses encountered in the body. Polypropylene is chemically inert. When used as meshes, it has been reported to be minimally reactive and to retain its strength for an indefinite period in clinical use.
Meshes are available in customizable sizes on the basis of customer needs. We also supply Nonsterile meshes in cut pieces of any dimension, and large sheets of 32cm X 32cm till 50cm X 50cm, and Rolls of 32cm X 50 meters or 50cm X 50 meters.
Sutures, also known as stitches, hold a significant place in the realm of medical practice. These tiny threads play a vital role in wound closure, surgical procedures, and the overall process of healing and recovery. Their importance extends far beyond simply sealing wounds; sutures are integral to preventing infections, minimizing scarring, and restoring the body to its natural state. Let’s explore the multifaceted significance of sutures in medical care.